The Austrian government, which has stepped up shock measures to curb the rise of corona virus cases in the country, wants to make vaccination against COVID-19 mandatory.
This decision, which is a precedent for Europe, comes as the continent catches up with a new wave that is forcing many states to tighten health controls urgently.
President Alexander Schalenberg announced on Friday that Austria would accept the G1There is Next February, a compulsory approach will impose fines on those who reconsider because the vast majority of the population refuses to be vaccinated.
The country of nine million people recorded more than 15,000 infections during the day, 64%, one of the lowest vaccination rates in Western Europe.
“The only way out of the vicious circle in which we are trapped is to significantly increase the vaccination rate … many people have lost their unity through their behavior,” he said, adding that he also announced a new era of public imprisonment. Before extending until at least mid-December.
Those who have not been vaccinated by that date will continue to be in jail, he said.
Inquiry of the Courts
An elected official was quoted by a British newspaper as saying that the tightening of the government’s stance had provoked criticism from the opposition, especially from the far right. The Defender He criticizes the country for becoming a “dictatorship”.
Protests are scheduled in Vienna this Saturday to condemn the decision, which is unlikely to be overturned by a court of law, according to Alan Green, an expert on constitutional law and human rights affiliated with the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom.
In the interview Press, The analyst said on Friday that the European Court of Human Rights is unlikely to rule against the Austrian government.
Since the outbreak began, the tribunal has adopted a much less interventionist approach, leaving “broad value” to states to determine the “balance between respect for individual rights and protection of the collective good,” he notes. .
The court ruled that the decision to vaccinate children against nine diseases before entering kindergarten did not imply a disproportionate “interference in freedom”. To protect the health of others.
He said Austria should show that it has opted for a compulsory vaccine for “proportional” action. Green notes that this minimizes the violation of individual rights, especially by granting exceptions. Reasons.
The Birmingham University expert believes that the imposition of separate preventive measures on vaccinated and non-vaccinated people could be seen in the same way. Other states, such as Slovakia, have indicated they would like to adopt this approach.
Austria’s decision on compulsory vaccination triggered a World Health Organization (WHO) reservation on Friday, saying it wanted strategies to convince people instead of forcing it.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has urged France-Press to prioritize the “educational” approach.
Currently, only a few countries officially make the COVID-19 vaccine mandatory. This is especially true of dictatorial regions Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, as well as Indonesia. However, there is no very effective vaccination rate for anything.
A large number of Western countries have imposed compulsory vaccinations on some professional organizations, especially in the health sector, but no one has shown their willingness to follow the Austrian path of targeting the entire population.
While this is controversial, the imposition of compulsory vaccination on a part or all of the population is protected by emerging biologists, says Verdit Ravitsky, who teaches the field at the University of Montreal’s School of Public Health.
The answers experts provide to ethical questions raised by the COVID-19 epidemic have evolved significantly as scientific knowledge about the virus grows, he says.
The importance of the risks posed by the virus to the affected countries, especially its potential impact on their health system, the appearance of highly contagious variants and the effectiveness of vaccines have altered the analysis, M underscores.Me Ravitsky.
Imposing restrictions on those who have not been vaccinated, especially with a vaccine passport, is now seen as a fair approach by elected officials in many countries.
However, the acceptance of such measures from an ethical point of view depends on the severity of the restrictions imposed, believes the University of Montreal professor, who considers the compulsory approach chosen by Austria on the basis of the vaccine to be “serious”.
Debate on the issue is likely to intensify in Europe, which unites nine of the ten countries that recorded the biggest acceleration in the number of COVID-19 cases this week. Only the United States showed a comparable increase. According to a census conducted by Agencies France-Press, the rest of the planet is relatively advanced.
The WHO believes that overall vaccination rates, the rapid removal of health restrictions and the improvement of the delta variation are to blame for the worsening situation in Europe.