July 17, 2024

Westside People

Complete News World

Webb Space Telescope Captures Stunning Merger of Galaxies and Quasars in the Distant Universe

Webb Space Telescope Captures Stunning Merger of Galaxies and Quasars in the Distant Universe

An international research team, led by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics (INAF), has used the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to capture an unusual event in the distant universe: the dramatic interaction between a quasar and two massive satellite galaxies within the PJ308-21 system.

This remarkable discovery provides new insights into the growth of galaxies in the early Universe, and offers a glimpse into the processes that shaped the universe during its formative years.

Monitoring the interaction between a quasar and a galaxy

In September 2022, the JWST project will be launched. Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRSpec) I have noticed PJ308-21 SystemA new study has revealed unprecedented details about the merger of this quasar with the galaxy. The quasar, which is located in a galaxy that existed when the universe was less than a billion years old, was observed with amazing precision.

The NIRSpec instrument captured the quasar’s spectrum with an uncertainty of less than 1 percent per pixel, allowing researchers to study the physical properties of the gas within. quasar host galaxy and their companion galaxies. This high level of detail has provided invaluable data that help us understand the early stages of galaxy formation and the role of quasars in this process.

High metals and star formation

The host galaxy of PJ308-21 exhibits high metallicity and photonic conditions typical of active galactic nucleus (AGN), while one of the satellite galaxies shows low metallicity and photoionization from star formation. The second satellite galaxy, which is partially photoionized by the quasar, also shows high metallicity.

See also  Strange Monster Mystery: Is It Finally Solved?

These observations confirm that both the quasar and the star surrounding galaxies A recent study has shown that black holes at the center of high-redshift quasars and their host galaxies undergo very active and turbulent growth already in the first billion years of the universe’s history, aided by the rich galactic environment in which these sources form.

Innovative techniques for detailed analysis

The observations were made as part of one of nine Italian-led projects in the first monitoring cycle. James WebbThe team used a technique called integral-domain spectroscopy, which allowed them to monitor the entire optical band spectrum for each pixel in the image.

This technique has enabled the study of various gas tracers and their properties. ionized interstellar mediumincluding metallicity, dust obscuration, electron density, temperature, and star formation rate.

Federica Loiacono, Astrophysicist and Research Fellow at National Institute of Economic ResearchHe emphasized the importance of these observations: “Thanks to NIRSpec, we can for the first time study the optical range in the PJ308-21 system, which is rich in valuable diagnostic data on the properties of the gas near the black hole in the galaxy hosting the quasar and in the surrounding galaxies. We can see, for example, the emission of hydrogen atoms and compare this with the chemical elements produced by the stars to determine how metal-rich the gas in the galaxies is.”

Insights from advanced data analysis

The data collected through these observations has allowed researchers to delve deeper into the conditions and processes that occur in These early galaxiesBy studying the emission lines of different elements, the team was able to determine properties of the ionized interstellar medium, such as the source and intensity of ionizing light radiation, metallicity levels, and electron density and temperature.

See also  Wormholes may already have been discovered, say physicists: ScienceAlert

This detailed analysis provides a clearer picture of the physical conditions. In the galaxies “And how it interacts with the quasar at its centre. The expertise in reducing and calibrating these data, which are among the first collected using NIRSpec in the integrated field spectroscopy mode, has provided a strategic advantage for the Italian community in managing similar data from other programmes,” said Loiacono.

Implications for cosmic history

The ability to study the chemical composition and physical properties of galaxies in such detail has profound implications for our understanding of cosmic history and the chemical evolution of galaxies. Data collected by James Webb This allows astronomers to map the metal enrichment in galaxies observed when the universe was still in its early stages.

“Until a few years ago, data on metal enrichment (which is essential for understanding the chemical evolution of galaxies) were almost unattainable, especially at these distances,” Roberto DeCarli points out. “Now we can map them in detail with just a few hours of observation, even in galaxies that we observed when the universe was in its infancy.”

This ability to measure and analyze the chemical properties of Early Galaxies It opens new horizons for understanding the processes that govern their formation and evolution.

The transformative impact of the James Webb Space Telescope

The findings of this study not only shed light on early growth and development. Galaxies and Black Holes But it also demonstrates the transformative impact of the advanced capabilities of the James Webb Space Telescope.

James Webb Space Telescope The high sensitivity in the near and mid-infrared spectra allows for unprecedented precision in observing distant objects, making it possible to collect detailed data that were previously inaccessible. “This work has been a real emotional journey, with the need to develop innovative solutions to overcome the initial difficulties in data reduction,” DeCarli shared, highlighting the challenges and triumphs of the research process.

See also  The Standard Model of particle physics may be broken - explains a physicist at the Large Hadron Collider

like James Webb The Hubble Space Telescope continues to observe the universe, and is expected to reveal more groundbreaking discoveries that will deepen our understanding of the universe and the fundamental processes that shaped its evolution.