(Paris) The French Foreign Minister announced on Wednesday that Europeans want to promote the “Helsinki II strategy” for the defense of the continent against the “Yalta II” embargo that the Russians are trying to impose. Jean-Yves Le Drian.
Released at 3:04 p.m.
“Russia proposes similar fundamentals to its return to the pre-1975 level, which means that the Yalta II format is really leading to a revival of blocks, areas of influence,” he began in an interview with the AFP.
“The proposed guidelines deprive some countries of their freedom of choice and sovereignty to join alliances,” he added.
East and West blocks, buffer zone
Russia is seeking security guarantees from the United States and NATO aimed at rebuilding its sphere of influence in the former Soviet Union and creating a buffer zone between the alliance in Eastern Europe and the East and its territory.
Moscow is demanding a commitment to halt any expansion, especially from NATO east, especially in Ukraine, and to reduce its military presence in the new member states of the alliance, from the Baltic states to Romania.
“This is unacceptable to us,” hammering the head of French diplomacy, its country confirms from the 1st.There is The rotating presidency of the European Union in January, along with the United States and other member states of the Alliance.
It will be a new division of Europe, as recorded at the 1945 Yalta and Potsdam Conferences between the two victorious powers of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union.
“In the face of a strategy that seeks to promote Yalta II, we must develop a strategy that seeks to promote Helsinki II, in line with the commitments made by all who signed the Helsinki Accords in France in 1975, including the Soviet Union.” .
These agreements, signed at the end of the Helsinki Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, ensured detention between the West and the Soviets after decades of the Cold War, guaranteeing the transgression of borders and allowing greater circulation of people and ideas.
Relaxation 2.0 or Cold War 2.0?
The Paris Charter for European Security, established on the basis of the Helsinki Accords, ended the Cold War following the reunification of Germany in 1990 and the fall of communist regimes.
Europeans are due to stop at a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Brest on Thursday and Friday after a week-long intensive diplomatic standoff between the Americans, the Russians, NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
Jean-Yves Le Drian stressed in a conversation with Russia that “they will get their place” whether within the coalition or within the OSCE.
“It is a positive sign that the United States has been consulting with us before and after this first meeting with the Russians in Geneva on Monday. This dialogue must continue, ”he added.
He also outlined the immediate resumption of discussions by the Normandy Committee (Germany, France, Russia, Ukraine) to resolve the Ukrainian conflict, which has killed more than 13,000 people since the beginning of the conflict between Kiev and pro-Russian separatists. In the east, from the country.
Diplomatic advisers to French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Olaf Scholes said after a joint trip to Moscow and then Kiev, “I see signs of a possible recovery.”
Russia has been avoiding this form of debate for months, with the aim of implementing the Minsk Peace Accords (2015) and marking the first meeting of the four heads of state in 2014 in Normandy (western France).
At all these venues, including the Polish-led OSCE meeting on Thursday, Jean-Yves Le Drian promised that “Europeans are maneuvering to defend their own security interests.”